Resources by Intercept
For resources specific to Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) development, please refer to the Crisis Intervention Team pages.
CIT International, is a nonprofit membership organization whose primary purpose is to facilitate understanding, development and implementation of CIT programs throughout the US and worldwide
First Do No Harm: Advancing Public Health in Policing Practices*, David Cloud and Chelsea Davis. New York, NY: Vera Institute of Justice, 2015
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: Tailoring Law Enforcement Initiatives to Individual Jurisdictions *, U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance and Council of State Governments Justice Center
Law Enforcement Responses to People with Mental Illness: A guide to research-informed policy and practice*, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Council of State Governments Justice Center
Program Brief: Crisis Admission Workgroup *, Athens County, Ohio
Program Brief: Marysville Fire Division Community Paramedic Program *, Marysville, Ohio
The Role of Law Enforcement Officers in Preventing Suicide*, Suicide Prevention Resource Center information sheet
On August 30, 2018, the Criminal Justice Coordinating Center of Excellence hosted a video conference highlighting on the Sharing Confidential Mental Health and Addiction Information in Ohio: Mental Health and Addiction Providers and Law Enforcement manual. This manual, authored by Attorney Christina Shaynak-Diaz, and informed by numerous partners and stakeholders around the state, is intended to be the first in a series of manuals addressing issues and concerns around the disclosure of protected health information between criminal justice entities and mental health and addiction providers. During the video conference, Attorney Shaynak-Diaz provided a brief summary of highlights of the manual and engaged in a question/answer session with participants. The video was recorded and has been published onto YouTube for your convenience.
Ohio stakeholders submitted additional questions, which have been added and answered in a revised edition of the manual, released June 2019. In addition, the Ohio Department of Medicaid enacted a Standard Authorization Form with instructions and guidance, effective January 2019, which is also reflected in the revised manual.
- Download the revised June 2019 edition of the manual*
- Access the video conference recording
- Download the slides utilized during the video conference*
University of Memphis CIT Center, a resource for CIT programs across the Nation
Diversion Program Checklist*, Diversion Committee of the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses at the Pretrial Stage: Essential Elements*, Hallie Fader-Towe, JD and Fred C. Osher, MD, Council of State Governments Justice Center, 2015
Pretrial Justice Institute, provides information about the Pretrial Justice Institute 3DaysCount campaign and national initiative to encourage greater common sense and smarter practices within pretrial justice policies and practices
Investigating the Impact of Pretrial Detention on Sentencing Outcomes*, Lowenkamp, VanNostrand, and Holsinger; The Laura and John Arnold Foundation, November 2013
Measuring What Matters: Outcome and Performance Measures for the Pretrial Services Field*, U.S. Department of Justice National Institute of Corrections
The Ohio Competence to Stand Trial Standard*, Ohio 2945.38 Competence to Stand Trial
A letter was issued* on March 14, 2016 from the U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division, Office for Access to Justice, addressing the assessment and enforcement of fines and fees in state and local courts, including obligations of the courts, best practices, and practices that are inconsistent with the United States constitution and/or other federal laws.
Pretrial Justice Participant Guide: How to Maximize Public Safety, Court Appearance and Release, National Institute of Corrections, September 8, 2016
Pretrial Services Program Implementation: A Starter Kit*, Pretrial Justice Institute
Resource Guide: Reforming the Assessment and Enforcement of Fines and Fees*, May 2016 guide by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs Diagnostic Center can serve as a resource for decision makers to evaluate their jurisdiction’s fines and fees and move toward data driven reforms.
On April 2, 2020, the Criminal Justice Coordinating Center of Excellence hosted a video conference highlighting on the Sharing Confidential Mental Health and Addiction Information in Ohio: Mental Health and Addiction Providers, Jails and Courts: During Initial Detention and Court Hearings manual. This manual, authored by Attorney Christina Shaynak-Diaz, and informed by numerous partners and stakeholders around the state, is the second manual in a series of manuals addressing issues and concerns around the disclosure of protected health information between criminal justice entities and mental health and addiction providers. During the video conference, Attorney Shaynak-Diaz provided a brief summary of highlights of the manual and engaged in a question/answer session with participants. The video was recorded and has been published onto YouTube for your convenience.
Standards on Pretrial Release Third Edition*, Approved: October 2004, The Board of Directors of the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies
Statement of Support for Pretrial Risk Assessments and Release of Standard 2.8, National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies
State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment*, Cynthia A. Mamalian, Ph.D., Pretrial Justice Institute, March 2011
Trueblood vs. Washington State*, This 2015 court case concludes that the state of Washington has a seven-day time frame to deem an individual competent/incompetent to stand trial.
Brief Jail Mental Health Screen* SAMHSA’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation, funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, created an effective, quick and simple tool to screen incoming detainees in jails and detention centers for the need for further mental health assessment.
Incarceration’s Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America*, Vera Institute of Justice, February 2015
Letter to Mental Health Commissioners*, on February 11, 2020 the Assistant Secretary for Mental Health and Substance Use at SAMHSA issued a letter to clarify that Mental Health Block Grant funds can be used to treat individuals with serious mental illness who have interactions with the criminal justice system, up to and including incarceration.
The Price of Jails: Measuring the Taxpayer Cost of Local Incarceration*, Vera Institute of Justice, May 2015
Specialized Dockets Section of the Supreme Court of Ohio, Provides technical support to trial courts in analyzing the need for, planning of, and implementation and certification of specialized docket programs.
The Stepping Up Initiative: Reducing Mental Illness in Rural Jails*, National Association of Counties (NACo)
A Best Practice Approach to Community Re-entry from Jails for Inmates with Co-occurring Disorders: The APIC Model*, Osher, F., Steadman, H.J., Barr, H. (2002), Delmar, NY: The National GAINS Center
Case Management Strategies for Successful Jail Reentry*, Warwick, Dodd, and Neusteter; Transition from Jail to Community Initiative Practice Brief (2012)
GAINS Jail Re-Entry Checklist*, based on the APIC Model and assists jails in reentry planning
Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison from SAMHSA’s GAINS Center for Behavioral*, Health and Justice Transformation The Council of State Governments Justice Center
In Our Backyard: Overcoming Community Resistance to Reentry Housing (a NIMBY Toolkit)*, The City University of New York John Jay College of Criminal Justice and The Fortune Society
The Ohio Ex-Offender Reentry Coalition, ensures successful offender reentry, reduces recidivism and enhances public safety
Recovery Housing in the State of Ohio: Findings and Recommendations from an Environmental Scan*, June 2013; Kristen Paquette, Neil Greene, Lisa Sepahi, Katherine Thom, Laura Winn; The Ohio Council of Behavioral Health & Family Service Providers and Center for Social Innovation
Improving Outcomes for People with Mental Illnesses Under Community Corrections Supervision: , A Guide to Research-Informed Policy and Practice. Council of State Governments Justice Center
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: The Essential Elements of Specialized Probation Initiatives. Council of State Governments Justice Center
A Ten-Step Guide to Transforming Probation Departments to Reduce Recidivism*, Council of State Governments Justice Center
Adults with Behavioral Health Needs Under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery*, National Institute of Corrections; Council of State Governments Justice Center; U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance
County Elected Officials Guide to Criminal Justice System Decision Making*, The Justice Management Institute, National Association of Counties, and Pretrial Justice Institute, September 2016
The Legal Landscape of Justice and Health Information Sharing*, Justice and Health Connect
Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities*, is the state agency that partners with Ohioans with disabilities to achieve quality employment, independence and Social Security disability determination outcomes.
Process Measures at the Interface Between the Justice System and Behavioral health: Advancing Practice and Outcomes*, Taxman, Wursburg, and Habert; CSG Justice Center and George Mason University’s Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence, 2016
Screening and Assessment of Co-occurring Disorders in the Justice System*, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, February 2016
Standardized Release Forms
Standardized release forms are becoming vital in sharing information across intercepts. Below are two states that have implemented statewide standardized release mechanisms.
- Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, on January 1, 2015, the released a standard consent form for the sharing of health information specific to behavioral health and substance use treatment. Providers are not required to use the new standard form, but they are required to accept it.
State Medicaid Eligibility Policies for Individuals Moving Into and Out of Incarceration*, The Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured
Strategies to Engage Employers in Conversations about Hiring Applicants with Criminal Records*, The National Reentry Resource Center, 2018
2016 American Bar Association (ABA) Standard*, The new ABA Standard incorporates the importance of the nature and prevalence of mental disorders to be taught in law school.
Miami-Dade County, Florida
The Criminal Mental Health Project (CMHP) was created in Miami-Dade County, Florida, with cross-system collaboration between the criminal justice system and the community mental health system. The goal of this project was not to create new services but to blend existing services together.
- Florida Mental Health Reform Bill*
- CMHP Program Description*
- CMH Original Agreement – MOU*
- CJMH Cooperative Agreement Revised*
- Misdemeanor Jail Diversion Referral Process*
- Felony Jail Diversion Referral Process*
- CMHP Outcomes*
The Criminal Mental Health Project uses evidence-based tools to screen individuals for mental illness, substance use and criminogenic risks and needs.
- CMH Overview of Screening Tools*
- MH Screening Tool*
- Health Screening Tool*
- Jail Diversion Program Screening Summary*
Mental Health Diversion Facility
The Mental Health Diversion Facility is part of the Miami-Dade County, Florida, Building Better Communities General Obligation Bond Program, to expand the Criminal Mental Health Project. The goal of this facility, once operational, will be to provide a full continuum of care to individuals with mental illness.
- MH Diversion Facility*
- MH Diversion Overview*
- MH Diversion Facility Proposed Services and Supports*
- MH Diversion Facility Capacity and Fiscal Impact Estimates*
Forensic Alternative Center – Status Report*
The Florida Department of Children and Families and the Eleventh Judicial Circuit of Miami-Dade County, Florida, implemented a pilot project to divert individuals with mental illness that were deemed incompetent to proceed to trial.
The CMHP team created a list of 14 essential elements that are needed for an effective community system of care.
Miami-Dade County Sequential Intercept Mapping
Miami-Dade County, Florida Criminal Justice Sequential Intercept Mapping and Summit, Final Report* – The South Florida Behavioral Health Network and the Eleventh Judicial Circuity Criminal Mental Health Project was awarded a planning grant from the Health Foundation of South Florida to convene a Criminal Justice/Mental Health Mapping and Summit
Working with Clients with Mental Illness and Intellectual Disabilities: A Workshop for Public Defenders and Assigned Counsel
The Criminal Justice Coordinating Center of Excellence received funding from the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (OMHAS) to sponsor specialized training for public defenders and assigned counsel in counties that have passed a Stepping Up resolution.
A one-day course was offered on June 21, 2017 in Rootstown and June 23, 2017 in Columbus. The goal of the course was to provide public defenders and assigned counsel with the tools, materials and knowledge to better represent clients with mental illness and/or intellectual disabilities.
For more information regarding the Ohio Stepping Up Initiative, please visit the OMHAS website.
June 21, 2017 Training, Northeast Ohio Medical University – Course Video Recordings
To access the videos, users must run Microsoft Silverlight. If you are not running Silverlight, the video display should prompt you to install the program, which takes only a couple minutes. If you do not see the prompt, download the free Microsoft Silverlight program on your own. You will likely need to restart your browser after installation.
- Public Defender/Assigned Counsel Training: Part 1
- Public Defender/Assigned Counsel Training: Part 2
- Public Defender/Assigned Counsel Training: Part 3
- Public Defender/Assigned Counsel Training: Part 4
Course Presentation Slides
- June 21, 2017 Opening/Introduction* – Ruth H. Simera, M.Ed., LSW and Douglas Powley, MA, JD
- June 23, 2017 Opening/Introduction* – Ruth H. Simera, M.Ed., LSW and Tracy Plouck, MPA
- Mental Illness and Intellectual Disabilities* – Joy Stankowski, M.D.
- Ethics of Working with Clients with Diminished Capacity* – Kristen Henry, Attorney at Law
- Legal and Competency Issues, Concerns, and Updates* – Stephen Noffsinger, M.D.
- Effective Communication Styles Part 1* – Kathryn Zielinski and Tina Moreno
- Effective Communication Styles Part 2* – Megan Testa, M.D.
- Presenter Biographies*
- Criminal Justice Coordinating Center of Excellence Brochure*
- GAINS Sequential Intercept Brochure, Developing a Comprehensive State Plan for Mental Health and Criminal Justice Collaboration*
- Stepping Up Initiative – The Ohio Project Overview*
- Stepping Up Initiative – The Ohio Project Statistics*
- Judges’ Guide to Mental Illnesses in the Courtroom*
- 2951.041 Intervention in Lieu of Conviction Ohio Code*
- Sell v. United States*
- Steele v. Hamilton County Community Mental Health Board*
- Bill of Rights for Persons with Developmental Disabilities*
- National Joint Committee for the Communication Needs of Persons With Severe Disabilities (NJC) – Communication Bill of Rights*
- Checklist for Defendants with Mental Health Issues – Dallas, Texas*
- Stepping Up Initiative – The Ohio Benefit Bank*
- Stepping Up Initiative – 10 Facts About Crisis Intervention Teams*
- Stepping Up Initiative – Veterans Justice Programs*
Additional Resources Based on Participant Feedback
- National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice (NCMHJJ), provides resources aimed at improving policy and practice for youth with mental, substance use and trauma-related conditions, who have come into contact with the juvenile justice system
- Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE), offers a community of support around the issues facing youth. Members consist of individuals who are interested in doing what is best for at-risk youth and industry professionals
- National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN), advocates for policies and practices that treat youth in trouble with the law with dignity and humanity
- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), provides national leadership, coordination and resources to prevent and respond to juveniles delinquency and victimization
- Working with Juveniles, training presented by The Honorable Linda Teodosio, Judge of Summit County Juvenile Court