Jesse W. Young, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Anatomy and Neurobiology
College of Medicine
2000 Indiana University
B.A. in Anthropology and Psychology (with honors)
2005 Stony Brook University
M.S., Anthropological Sciences
2008 Stony Brook University
Ph.D., Anthropological Sciences
2007 - 2009 University of Texas at Austin
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Anthropology
2009 - Present Northeast Ohio Medical University
Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology
Research in the Young Laboratory focuses on evolutionary, comparative and developmental aspects of terrestrial locomotion. Broadly, the goal of all of our studies is to relate standard biomechanical measures (e.g., kinematics and kinetics) to fitness-critical variables such as stability, accelerative capacity and energetic efficiency. We use a variety of techniques to address these aims, including three-dimensional motion tracking, measurement of single-limb forces and whole-body mechanics, and morphometric assessments of musculoskeletal anatomy.
Dr. Young’s publications listed in PubMed.
Chadwell BA and Young JW (in press) Angular momentum and arboreal stability in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
Young JW and Heard-Booth AN (in press) Grasping primate development: ontogeny of intrinsic hand and foot proportions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus albifrons and Cebus apella). To be published in the edited volume Juvenile Primates (part of the Developments in Primatology series).
Dengler-Crish CM, Smith MA, Inman DM, Wilson GN, Young JW and Crish SD (2014) Anterograde transport deficits precede retrograde transport loss in the visual projection of the DBA/2J mouse model of glaucoma. Frontiers in Neuroscience 8:290.
Young JW, Danczak RD, Russo GA and Fellmann CD (2014) Limb bone morphology, bone strength, and cursoriality in lagomorphs. Journal of Anatomy 225: 403-418.
Shapiro LJ, Cole WG, Young JW, Raichlen DA, Robinson SR and Adolph KE (2014) Human quadrupeds, primate quadrupedalism, and Uner Tan Syndrome. PLOS One 9: e101758. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101758.
Shapiro LJ, Young JW and VandeBerg JL (2014) Body size and the small branch niche: using marsupial ontogeny to model primate locomotor evolution. Journal of Human Evolution 68: 14-31.
Young JW (2012) Ontogeny of limb force distribution in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis): Insights into the mechanical bases of primate hind limb dominance. Journal of Human Evolution 62: 473-485.
Young JW (2012) Gait selection and the ontogeny of quadrupedal walking in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147: 580-592.
Shapiro LJ and Young JW (2012) Kinematics of quadrupedal locomotion in sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps): effects of age and substrate size. Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 480-496.
Shapiro LJ, Young JW and Souther A (2011) Quadrupedal locomotion of Saimiri boliviensis: a comparison of field and lab-based kinematic data. In K. D’Août and E. E. Vereecke (eds.): Primate Locomotion: Linking Field and Laboratory Research. New York, NY: Springer. pp. 335-356.
Russo GA and Young JW (2011) Tail growth tracks the ontogeny prehensile tail use in capuchin monkeys (Cebus albifrons and Cebus apella). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146: 465-473.
Young JW, Fernández D, and Fleagle JG (2010) Ontogeny of long bone geometry in capuchin monkeys (Cebus albifrons and Cebus apella): implications for locomotor development and life history. Biology Letters 6: 197-200.
Shapiro LJ and Young JW (2010) Is primate-like quadrupedalism necessary for fine branch locomotion? A test using sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps). Journal of Human Evolution 58: 309-319.
Young JW (2009b) Ontogeny of limb joint mechanics in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis): functional implications for mammalian limb growth. Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 1576-1591.
Young JW (2009a) Substrate determines asymmetrical gait dynamics in marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 138:403-420.
Adolph KE, Robinson SR, Young JW, and Gill-Alvarez F (2008) What is the shape of developmental change? Psychological Review 115:527-543.
Young JW, Patel BA, and Stevens NJ (2007) Body mass distribution and gait mechanics in fat-tailed dwarf lemurs (Cheirogaleus medius) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). Journal of Human Evolution 51:26-40.